China Burma India Theater (CBI) (later IBT, or India-Burma theater) 1 China Burma India Theater (CBI) (later IBT, or India-Burma theater) 2 China Burma India Theater (CBI) (later IBT, or India-Burma theater) 3 China Burma India Theater (CBI) (later IBT, or India-Burma theater) 4 AIR-FIELDS IN MIDNAPORE World War II and now AIR-FIELDS IN WEST MIDNAPORE World War II and now AIR-FIELDS IN EAST MIDNAPORE World War II and now AIR-FIELDS IN MEDINIPUR World War II and now AIR-FIELDS IN MEDINIPORE World War II and now AIR-FIELDS IN MIDNAPUR World War II and now
7th Bombardment Group (1942–1945)  India (B-17, B-24).

Air Field

Military Airfield

22°19′21.16″N 087°06′33.62″E

In use
1942 -1945
Current condition
World War II

Dudhkundi Airfield is an abandoned airfield in India, located 12 miles (19.2 km) SE of Jhargram, in the Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.


During World War II, the airfield hosted the United States Army Air Force 444th Bombardment Group prior to its deployment to the Mariana Islands.

Dudhkundi was originally designed for B-24 Liberator use. In 1943 it was designated as a B-29 Superfortress Base for the planned deployment of the United States Army Air Forces XX Bomber Command to India. Advance Army Air Forces echelons arrived in India in December 1943 to organize the upgrading of the airfield and thousands of Indians labored to upgrade the facility for Superfortress operations. It was one of four B-29 bases established by the Americans in India.

678th Bomb Squadron 44-70108 "Sweet Thing". Notice the black paint applied to the under surface of the aircraft. This was applied to reduce reflection of Japanese searchlights when flying low-level night incendiary missions.
678th Bomb Squadron 44-70108 "Sweet Thing". Notice the black paint applied to the under surface of the aircraft. This was applied to reduce reflection of Japanese searchlights when flying low-level night incendiary missions.

Finally ready for use in July 1944, the 444th Bombardment Group moved to Dudhkundi from Charra Airfield. The 444th was part of the Operation Matterhorn project of XX Bomber Command, the bombing of the Japanese Home Islands. In order to reach Japan, the B-29s of the group needed to stage operations from Kwanghan Airfield (A-3), a forward base just to the southwest of Chendu in south-central China.


However, all the supplies of fuel, bombs, and spares needed to support operations from Kwanghan had to be flown 1,200 miles from India over "The Hump" (the name given by Allied pilots to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains), since Japanese control of the seas around the Chinese coast made seaborne supply of China impossible. Many of the supplies had to be delivered to China by the B-29s themselves. For this role, they were stripped of nearly all combat equipment and used as flying tankers and each carried seven tons of fuel for the six hour (one way) flight, which itself was almost at the limit of the B-29's range. The Hump route was so dangerous and difficult that each time a B-29 flew from India to China it was counted as a combat mission. It took six round-trip flights by each Superfortress to Kwanghan in order to mount one combat mission from the forward base.

Missions of the 444th flown from Dudhkundi included attacking transportation centers, naval installations, aircraft plants, and other targets in Burma, China, Thailand, Japan, and Formosa.

On the night August 10–11, 56 B-29s staged through British air bases in Ceylon (now known is Sri Lanka) attacked the Plajdoe oil storage facilities at Palembang on Sumatra in present-day Indonesia. This involved a 4030-mile, 19 hour mission from Ceylon to Sumatra, the longest American air raid of the war. The 444th conducted a daylight raid against iron and steel works at Yawata, Japan, in August 1944, being awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for the mission.

In September 1944, the 679th Bomb Squadron was inactivated in order to streamline the group's organization. This left the 444th with three squadrons of ten B-29s each.

The 444th evacuated staging fields in China in January 1945 due to the Japanese offensive in South China which threatened the forward staging bases, but continued operations from India, bombing targets in Thailand and mining waters around Singapore. However, by late 1944 it was becoming apparent that B-29 operations against Japan staged out of the bases in Chengtu were far too expensive in men and materials and would have to be stopped. In December 1944, the Joint Chiefs of Staff made the decision that Operation Matterhorn would be phased out, and the B-29s would be moved to newly-captured bases in the Marianas in the central Pacific.

On 1 March 1945, the 444th Bombardment Group flew south to Ceylon, then southeast across the Indian Ocean to Perth in Western Australia. Flying north through New Guinea, it reached its new home at West Field, Tinian, in the Mariana Islands on 7 April where it and its parent 58th Bombardment Wing came under the command of the new XXI Bomber Command.

With the departure of the B-29s to the Marianas, Dudhkundi Airfield was turned over to the Tenth Air Force. The 87th Air Depot Group took over command of the airfield, and the mission of the base was to be a maintenance and disposition center for surplus Allied aircraft.

The 80th Fighter Group moved in on 24 May from its primitive base at Myitkyina, Burma, with a mixture of P-38 Lightnings, A-36 Apaches and dive-bomber modified P-40 Warhawk (B-40) being withdrawn from combat. The 80th returned to the United States in October 1945, leaving its aircraft and equipment at the airfield.

With its departure, the B-24 Liberator equipped 7th Bombardment Group moved to Dudhkundi. It remained at the airfield, also leaving its aircraft and equipment in India and sending its personnel back to the United States. It was inactivated as a paper unit in January 1946.

With the last Americans leaving in early 1946, the airfield was turned over to the British colonial government.

The postwar history of the airfield is unclear, however today it is long abandoned. No structures remain, however traces of runways and taxiways can be viewed from the air. Some small villages appear to have taken over the former billeting areas.


Guido Ransleben

AACS (Army Airways Communication System) India, 1944 -'45

Dedicated to G.R. Ransleben
who was attached to the 87th Air Service Group.

All of the items on this page were donated by him (except where noted).

AACS insignia
This is the 1945 annual mug shot required
AACS insignia
This is the 1945 annual mug shot
required to maintain my top secret
crypto clearance-  Age 19 at the time.

Handwritten entries are almost illegible. It reads:

Handwritten entries are almost illegible. It reads:

PRESENTED TO Corporal Guido E. Ransleben Jr.   FOR MERITORIOUS ACHIEVEMENT IN THE PERFORMANCE OF OUTSTANDING SERVICES FROM 17 August 1944 TO 26 April 1945 WHILE A MEMBER OF THE Station 506, 129th A.A.C.S. Squadron. GIVEN THIS     26th   DAY OF  April  1945

My barracks at Dudhkundi .
My barracks at Dudhkundi .

My bunk.
My bunk.

“Jocko” hung around looking for handouts and beer.
“Jocko” hung around looking for handouts and beer.

A view from the control tower during a review held on November 15, 1944. 
A view from the control tower during a review held on November 15, 1944.  
General LeMay was there to present several medals to deserving airmen.

20th Air Force / XX Bomber Command, 58th Bomb Wing HQ - India
20th Air Force / XX Bomber Command,  58th Bomb Wing HQ - India

Notebook Sketches & Photos - Dudkhundi India

Notebook Sketches & Photos - Dudkhundi India
Notebook Sketches & Photos - Dudkhundi India
Notebook Sketches & Photos - Dudkhundi India
Notebook Sketches & Photos - Dudkhundi India

The Three Feathers

#42-63411 lost an engine during the takeoff roll, ran off of the end of the runway, and wound up in a rice paddy, on March 12, 1945. This was during the dry season, so there was no water in the paddy. I don't know who took the picture - it was given to me.

The Li'l Herbert
The Droop Snoot was a P-38 modified with a plastic nose and provided with accommodations for a bomb sight and bombardier. This plane flew the lead when the P-38's made bomb runs. When the bombardier dropped his bombs, everyone else dropped theirs. I have been told the concept had mixed results.
The Droop Snoot was a P-38 modified .

How about 100 missions?

How about 100 missions?

444th BG Airfield - Dudhkundi,  India,  1944

444th BG Memories - Guido Ransleben

During the past sixty-one years, I had wondered about the locations of some of the XXBC bases in India . I was familiar with the Hijli headquarters of the Bomber Command, along with the bases at Kharagpur ( Salua ), Kalaikunda , and Dudhkundi , because I had been to those places while stationed in the area. All I knew about Chakulia and Piardoba was that they were “further up the road”. Although I was stationed at Dudhkundi only two months after the 444 th BG moved there from Charra , I had never heard of Charra until I became a member of the 444 th BG Assn. a few years ago. No one ever mentioned it while I was there, to the best of my memory.

When I found out about Google Earth a few months ago, I downloaded it to see if I could locate the runways of the bases. Google Earth is great if you know where to look, especially in the less densely populated rural areas. In those areas, the image resolution is not good enough to resolve individual roof tops, but runways can be seen. I found Chakulia , because it is actually labeled by Google Earth. I found some other runways while scrolling through the area, but did not know what they were.

At that point, I posted some inquiries to see if anyone had a map of the base locations which would give me a clue as to where to look. I had two responses. One, from Katie Kirk, gave me a great description of Charra , and I found it right away. The other was from John Icenhower (the contact for the 462 nd BG web site), who e-mailed a map showing all the bases in the area. This led me to Piardoba and named all the other area bases.

I found that the web site for the Indian Institute of Technology, which sprang up after the war around the building used as headquarters by the XXBC, had a map of the campus, which shows the old building. It is now a museum, housing artifacts and memorabilia from the pre-independence British oppression. I found enough large landmarks on the campus map to locate the building on Google Earth.

The map sent by John Icenhower shows an airbase located roughly half-way between Salua and Kalaikunda , labeled 22 nd Air Depot. I know from another site that there was a 22 nd Air Depot unit somewhere in the Kharagpur area, but scrolling through that whole area on Google Earth doesn't reveal anything to indicate the presence of anything resembling such a base. I never heard of it while I was there. There is something on Google Earth at about 12 miles north of Midnapore (half way to Piardoba ) which looks like it could be two intersecting runways with parking areas at the far end of each.

The map I e-mailed to you was generated from measurements on Google Earth.

A website named Warbirds of India ( West Bengal ) states that the Indian Air Force has closed down all the area military airbases except those at Kalaikunda and Panagarh . A pop-up at Chakulia indicates that the base there is still used commercially.

It was interesting to me to find an isolated runway near Bishnupur . I believe this was where I once landed by mistake. In late 1945, after I had been transferred to Barrackpore , on the north edge of Calcutta , I had a few days off so decided to visit some of my friends who were still at Dudhkundi . I boarded a C-47 shuttle flight which made a regular round from Barrackpore to some of the former XXBC bases. The first stop was to be Piardoba , but about half-way there the plane collided with one of the large Indian vultures. There was a loud crashing sound, and the whole airplane shuddered. Looking out the window, I saw a large dent in the leading edge of the wing, a red sploch extending over the top surface, and a single black feather sticking out of the edge of the de- icer boot. The pilot decided to make a straight-in approach to Piardoba , in order to land quickly and assess the damage. He had never flown that route, and was unfamiliar with Piardoba , so as he began the descent all I could see ahead of us was a single strip completely surrounded by jungle, which I knew could not be Piardoba . When we landed, there were no buildings, aircraft, vehicles, or humans in sight, except for a lone Indian sentry standing next to the runway with his mouth agape. The pilot contacted the Piardoba tower and was informed that we had landed at an abandoned British fighter strip. He was given directions to Piardoba , and we were there after a short hop. I don't know how he managed to get 17 miles off course on a 70-mile flight, but he may have become disoriented after the bird strike and picked the first runway he saw.

Regards to all - Guido

Bombs on the Runway

This is a story I have been itching to tell for years, but have hesitated because I never knew the true facts of what led up to it. All I know for sure is what I saw. That much can be verified by the hundreds of people who witnessed the incident and may still be around to talk about it. I never recorded the date or the S/N of the airplane involved, but it must have happened in early 1945.

The 444 th had been on an all-­day mission directly from Dudhkundi, and when the time neared for their return, a large crowd gathered in front of the headquarters building to watch them land. I was standing in front of the message center (next door to HQ). Two officers and two women (from the distance, I couldn't tell if they were nurses or canteen workers) had taken a jeep and drove right up to the edge of the runway for a better view as the planes rolled by.

The first indication I had that something was wrong was when the people in the jeep suddenly jumped out and started running as fast as they could, without bothering to try to start the jeep. Then I noticed that the plane that had just touched down had a couple of objects bouncing up and down on the runway beneath it.

The mind can assume strange ideas about anything unusual it sees. My first impression was that he plane may have landed short and snagged a fence, and was dragging a couple of fence posts by the wire. But, in the same instant, I remembered there were no fences in the area and what I saw was two bombs hanging on by their arming wires while they were being dragged down the runway.

At about that time, I became aware that most of the crowd had disappeared. I just stood there with my mouth hanging open. The two bombs hung on for about half the length of the runway (about even with the point where I was standing), before they finally came loose. They were just lying there until the bomb crew drove out to pick them up.

As I said at the beginning, I never really knew what led up to this incident, One story I heard was that when the bombardier released the bombs, he was not aware the bomb bay doors had jammed shut, and the bombs were just lying on the doors until the plane touched down. The doors then popped open, dumping the bombs on the end of the runway (except for the two that hung on).

This incident could have been disastrous, but no one, to my knowledge, was hurt. All I know is that the images of the bouncing bombs and the people running from the jeep were forever etched in my memory.

Guido Ransleben, March, 2006


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