wether & soil
riligions & tribes
drought & disaster



Haripada Mondal

Among other fiction and story-writers, Phanibhusan Acharya's portrayal of urban life, Sndhir Karan's account of rural life. Bajir Sen's (Puma Chandra Sui) sketehes of historical incidents and Haripada Manna's draftings make the readers convince of their immense possibilities.

The sweeping of soaring upsurges of rebellious and revolutions have submerged Midnapur many a time, and their impact on society enormous but the reminiscences in ratio or writings were not much reflected fictions, stories or poesies. With the modern consciousness of writing micro-history along with macro ones, the local history writers of Midnapur have given us an abundauce though not always of superior quality. Strenuous ventures were voluntarily done by Mahendra Nath Karan (Hijlir Mashnad-i-Ala), Jegesh Chandra Basu (Medinipurer Itihas), Trailakyanath Rakshit (Tamolulker Itihas), Panchanon Ray (Dashpurer Itihas), Judhisthir Jana (Brihtawar Tamralipter Etihas), Prabodh Chandra Basu (Bhagawaupur Thanar ltibritha), Pranab Ray (in collaboration with his father Panchanon Ray (Ghataler Katha) Ramanuj Das Mahanta (Bagrir Katha), Satyen Sarangi (Sankrail Thanar ltibritha) Kedarnath Pahari (Samasamayik Narayangarh) Adhar chandra Ghatak (Nandigram Thanar ltibritha), Rajanikanta Bandyopadhyay (Sobha Singher Bidroba), and Radharaman Chabravarti (Karnagarher ltikatha), The annals and antiquities of the old part of land, very recently collected, will serve a substantial source to the fiction-makers and story-tellers yet to come. Dr Binode Sanker Das (Jungle mahal gana andolon), Basanta Kumar Das (Khejuri Thanar Swadeshi Sangram), Swadhinata Sangrame Medinipur), Hemchandra Kanungo (Banglay Biplap Praehesta), Atul chandra Basu (Mednipure Boma o Pistal, Medinipure Bomar Mamla), Chittaranjan Das (Medinipurer Baiplabic Itihas), Tarasankar Bhattacharya (Swadhinata Sangrame Medinipur), Gopinandan Goswami (Bangalar Haldighat Tamluk, Medinipurer Shahid) Binoyjiban Ghosh (Biplabi Medinipur, Agnijuger Astraguru Hemehandra), Ishanchandra Mahapatra (Sahid Kshudiram, Sahid Pradyot Kumar), Pramathnath Pal's (Deshapran Sashmal) and Sri Rashbehari Ray (stray articles) stand in the first row of modern chroniclers. This is not a complete list, but rather a rough roll only. No faithful accounts of so many peasant revolts on agrarian discontent during the cognizable historical period can be found chronologically in any compendium volume. Dr. Prabodh Kumar Bhowmick's ‘Medinipur Kahini', Banglar Lok Utsav, Samaj o Samskriti, Prageitihasik Samskriti, ‘Medinipurer Oitihya o Samskriti' depict, Social and cultural life of Midnapur in detail.

Essays and critical studies on different subjects of art, literature, anthropology, economics, education, politics, poetics, philology, philosophy, music and scientific topics circle round not within a very narrow compass, but attempt to lead us to a Vast horizon beyond the limits of our well-known areas. Worthy writings, readable with pleasure and profit, include history of the present society (Bhagwat Charan Das), Brahmins of Barendra Rarhiya and Madhyadeshi Rarhiya. History of the Solanki Rajputs of Niranjan Deb Singha, Kayastha Kuladarpen of Chandra Sekhar Ghosh, History of Paundrakshatriya society of Manindra Nath Mondal and Mahendra Nath Karan, Jharkhand culture of Radha Gobinda Mahata and Lokyan of Fringe Bengal by Sudhir Karan and Lokasahitya of Jharkhand by Bankimchandra Mahato, Paschim Banga o Jharkhanda Andolaner Prasangakata and articles on the problems of tribal people by Dr. P.K. Bhowmick and Deven Das . Prominent one of the social thinkers of this district was Seikh Osman Ali , who in his welt- written articles published in Hafez , Kohinor and Islam Pracharak magazines, did not spare to criticise the clever British rulers in India for their “divide and rule” policy. The mature guide lines focusses for mending the mental break-ups of the Mohammedans and the Hindus should still engage the active attention of our platform platoons and public protectors.

In another area the following critical writers are recognised names of Bengali literature Sri
Bijan Behari Bhattacharya (for his philological works), Harihar Mishra (Rhetoric and Prosody). Dulal chandra Das and Suhrid Kumar Bhowmik (Bengali metre), Swadesh Ranjan Das (Jiban & Darshan of Manabendra Nath Roy), Prahlad Pramanik (Amader Lal Bahadur), Pashupati Sasmal (Swarna Kumari o Bangla Sahitya). Rishi Das (as a first-rate biographer of Shakespeare, Burnard Shaw, Rammohan, Chittaranjan, Sarat Chandra & Badshah Khan etc). Sankar Bhattacharya ( Natyacharya Sisirkumar), Manoranjan Maity on Bengali and Russian folk literature, Naresh Chandra .Jana, Nirarijan Chakravorti, Ramjiban Acharya (Nazrul Ek Bismay), Sisir kumar Das, Bishnupada Panda, Gunamoy Manna (critic as well as novelist), Srimanta Jana, Rabindra Nath Maity Jibankrishna Maity, Himashubhusan Sarkar (Dwipamay Bharater Prachin Sahitya), Manomohan Datta (Kumar Sambhav Kavi and Kavya), Shyamaprasad Basu, Haripda Ghosal and Priyanath Jana
. The contributions of these authors are undoubtely valuable and any stock of library would be enriched by addition of these authors' books.

Some other promising writers are Sm. Sobharani Chakravartj, Namita Chakravarti, Sukhamoy Sengupta, Harisadhan Goswami, Ramesh Das, Paragranjan Chattopadhyay, Subrata Kumar Dinda, Santa Bhowmick ( Paraber Anginay ) Sm. Aruna Haldar & Sunitikumar Pathak , of late subjects like anthropology and psychology have drawn our mind and in these two branches topical discussions have been made by many of whom Sobharani Chakravanti's dissertation on Magic in folk culture is something new. Her discussion on the topic is fascinating. Ramesh Das and Harisadhan Goswami's points of educational reconstruction give a clear review of our present system of education. Suryendu Bikash Kar Mabapatra's nice scientific articles invite our cbang4 outlook on the life and the world.

Though the Sweet name of Ajharuddjn Khan as a critical essayist and right-angled reviwer I have omitted in the above list with some intention. It is our common complains that in regard to the assessment of his valuable works , justice has been shown delayed and if only laurels be the yard-stick of our Paying honour to a pen-man, then we may humbly beg to say that Bengali litterateurs do not yet pose a very happy gesture. Wining of Nazruj Academy Prize by Azharuddin a born Midnapurean dwelling in this old rural town, may enchatingly turn our eyes to his sublime face, but should we duly recognise that he is a voluminous writer of such books as Bangla Sahitye Nazrul, Bangia Sahitye Muhammad Sahidullaha, Bangia Sahitye Mahammad Abdul Hye, Bilupta Hariday, & Muhammed Sahidullah the number of edited books and published articles are numorous - all bearing similar depth of insight and critical literary outlook Midnapur is certainly proved of finding in him a Crossroad signal on the runway from Calcutta to Dacca and book. He discovers one very important, but carelessly neglected area of Bengali essayists and brings to light some hidden jeweflerje5 to the amazement of all lovers of literary discourses.

With due apology I do not wish to count the names of Prof Upendra Nath Bal, Sri Narendra Nath Das , the two renowned historians. Dr. Anil Kumar Gayen and Dr.Prabodh Kumar Bhowmick , two eminent researchers, predominantly good writers in English, have influenced producers in Bengali as followers of their footsteps. Dr. Bhowmick depicts Midnapur life through his out standing works like, The Lodhas of West Bengal (1963), Occupational Mobility and Caste structure of Bengal, (1967); Four Midnapur villages (1964), Socio-cultural Profile of Frontier Bengal D. Sc. dissertation (1976), Occultism in Fringe Bengal (1980). Some Aspects of Indian Anthropology (1982). etc.


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